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Wednesday, August 23, 2006


Here's something a little different. I have a colleague who asked if there was a way to save the current SAS options and then restore them somewhere in the middle of a job stream. Instead of keeping track of what linesize, pagesize, etc had been set to, he wanted to just reset everything back to some "base". I did not know a way to do that off the top of my head, but after a little poking around in the onLineDoc I thought I had found the answer:

proc optsave saves your current options to a data set or to a registry key.

proc optload loads and sets the options from a data set or registry key.

So at the beginning of your sas session you could have code like this:

proc optSave data = work.myOptions;

And then anywhere in the code that you wanted to set the options back to the way they were when sas started you could run code like this:

proc optLoad data = work.myOptions;

You would think that would do the trick, right?

Unfortunately it doesn't seem to work as advertised. My colleague wrote back with the following:

Try this code. I got inconsistant result:

options ls=100;
proc optsave out=work.ycOpt1;run;
%put ls is %sysfunc(getoption(LS));

options ls=120;
proc optload data=work.ycOpt1;run;
%put ls is %sysfunc(getoption(LS));

When it gets restored linesize (ls) is. . . 96!?

This is using SAS 9.13 on Windows XP. However, the exact same code works as expected under Unix and the linesize option gets correctly restored to 100.

What gives?

Thursday, August 10, 2006

How To Be Nice

Now that my daughter is mobile, she is constantly interacting with other kids at the park. Being the little social butterfly that she is, she has no problem walking up to other kids and trying to take their toys. Of course, at 15 months old she doesn't really know any better, but I still find myself trailing behind her saying "Be nice. Play nice." Some day soon she might actually listen.

But if you're using batch SAS on Unix, you can be nice today!

The "nice" command is used to raise/lower the priority of your background sas jobs. Generally we all run jobs at the same nice priority, but by lowering your priority you can let your big background jobs run without interfering with other people's jobs. This can be useful during the heavy use times and you are not too concerned about whether your job runs in 30 mins or 60 mins. It essentially lets you get out of the way of other users without putting your jobs on hold. Nice!

Here's how it works. The higher the nice number the lower your priority. The syntax of nice is:
nice -N /your/command/
where N is the number to move your priority. Positive lowers your priority by that amount, negative raises your priority by that amount.

So instead of me running my sas command like this:
$ sas -autoexec "/my/" &

I can be nice and run it like this:
$ nice -15 sas -autoexec "/my/" &

That will run my command with a higher nice value (low priority) freeing up resources for other users.